Tuesday, July 2, 2013

Bogdkhan Mountain Stirctly Protected Area


Bogdkhan Mountain Stirctly Protected Area
  Bullet points 
Natural zone: mountain forest steppe, steppe
Special features:  Mongolia’s and one of the worlds, oldest protected areas. Manzhur Hiid monastery, Hiking trails, diverse flora and fauna.
Size location: 41,600 hectares just south of Ulaanbaatar, capital of Mongolia, Tuv province. 
Established: 1778 as order of Manchurian King. Protected area reestablished 1978.

   Bogdkhan Mountain Strictly protected Area is Mongolian oldest nature preserve. (since year 1778). Located on southern edge of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia’s capital city. Steppe covers preserve’s lower reaches, giving way to forest steppe, and finallly to boulder fields and coniferous forest, the southermost extent of the Khentii taiga. Altough officially protected in 1778, Bogdkhaan was first recognized as a sacred mountain, where logging and hunting were prohibited in the twelfth or thirteenth century. The highest point of the protected area, Tsetseegun mountain ( 2268m above sea level), is one of four holly peaks that surround Ulaanbaatar.
   One of the south side of the protected area, monks have begun the process of rebuilding Manzhir Hiid monastery. Established in 1750, the monastery housed more than 350 monks and 20 temples, including schools of medicine, astrology, and philosophy, before it was destroyed in the 1930’s. Several temples have been reconstructed. Numerous archeological site have been discovered in the preserve, including cave paintings that archeologists date to three thousand years ago.
Species here are characteristic of taiga, mountain forest steppe, and steppe zone, including over 500 species of vascular plants, 9 trees, 47 mammals, 116 birds, 4 reptiles, and 2 amphibians. Five mammal species-including  musk deer, roe deer, sable, and mountain hare-are endangered or threatened- as are 20 birds species, and 16 species of plants. 
   Some 70 families, including reserve rangers, live in or adjacent to the protected area. Also increasing numbers of Mongolian and foreign tourists visit Bogdkhaan. The area includes hiking trails close to downtown Ulaanbaatar, an astronomical observatory, overnight accommodations at the Nukht Ecotourism Center, and tourist facilities at Manzhur Hiit monastery. Before visiting the core protected are (for example, the mountains south of Ulaanbaatar), visitors must obtain Tax fee.  

Friday, March 23, 2012

MONGOLIAN NAMES

      Like other aspects of oral cultural, the granting of  a name to a child carries an important symbolic character. The naming of children is usually done by the parents, but may also be done by a respected elder of the family. Once Buddhism became widespread in Mongolia, it became more common for lamas (the monk) to choose names for children, usually giving Tibetan name. In the twentieth century, under the Russian influence, Russian or Russianised name also became common.
        Nowadays most parents give Mongolian names to their children, typically name are made up of two nouns, lately became more one nouns objectives, representing qualities such as solidity and strength for boys, or beauty in the case of girls. Male names often include the names of elements such as iron or steel, or other denoting strength, such as "hero", "strong", or "axe": some examples are Gansukh (steel axe), Batsaikhan (Steady nice), or Tumurbaatar (Iron hero). Woman's names commonly refer ti fine color or flowers, the sun and moon, or may be made up of many other word with positive connotations using the feminine suffix-maa; some common examples are Altantsetseg (Golden flower), Narantuya (sun beam), Erdenetungalag (Jewel-clear). A large number of name-components can be either masculine of feminine, referring to auspicious qualities such as eternity or happiness; some examples are Munkh (Eternal), Erdene (jewel), Jargal or Bayar (happiness). Names of planets are also commonly used in giving names , as are the names of Tibetan saints or religious objects. For examples are: Dolgor (green Tara), Suren (means deity cames from Tibetan), Khorol (Buddhist items symbols ongoing doctrine of Buddha).
      There are also a tradition of giving names with unpleasant qualities (e.g, Muu nokhoi, or bad dog) to children born to a couple whose previous children have died, in the belief that unpleasant name will mislead evil spirits seeking to steal the child. Similar to this custom is that of referring to any infant child as "ugly" rather than as "cute", in the hopes of misleading the spirits. In general, however, the name of a child is associated with auspicious characteristics, as it is believed that the pronunciation of a name with good connotations will bring about the actualization of its symbolic characteristics.