Friday, March 23, 2012

MONGOLIAN NAMES

      Like other aspects of oral cultural, the granting of  a name to a child carries an important symbolic character. The naming of children is usually done by the parents, but may also be done by a respected elder of the family. Once Buddhism became widespread in Mongolia, it became more common for lamas (the monk) to choose names for children, usually giving Tibetan name. In the twentieth century, under the Russian influence, Russian or Russianised name also became common.
        Nowadays most parents give Mongolian names to their children, typically name are made up of two nouns, lately became more one nouns objectives, representing qualities such as solidity and strength for boys, or beauty in the case of girls. Male names often include the names of elements such as iron or steel, or other denoting strength, such as "hero", "strong", or "axe": some examples are Gansukh (steel axe), Batsaikhan (Steady nice), or Tumurbaatar (Iron hero). Woman's names commonly refer ti fine color or flowers, the sun and moon, or may be made up of many other word with positive connotations using the feminine suffix-maa; some common examples are Altantsetseg (Golden flower), Narantuya (sun beam), Erdenetungalag (Jewel-clear). A large number of name-components can be either masculine of feminine, referring to auspicious qualities such as eternity or happiness; some examples are Munkh (Eternal), Erdene (jewel), Jargal or Bayar (happiness). Names of planets are also commonly used in giving names , as are the names of Tibetan saints or religious objects. For examples are: Dolgor (green Tara), Suren (means deity cames from Tibetan), Khorol (Buddhist items symbols ongoing doctrine of Buddha).
      There are also a tradition of giving names with unpleasant qualities (e.g, Muu nokhoi, or bad dog) to children born to a couple whose previous children have died, in the belief that unpleasant name will mislead evil spirits seeking to steal the child. Similar to this custom is that of referring to any infant child as "ugly" rather than as "cute", in the hopes of misleading the spirits. In general, however, the name of a child is associated with auspicious characteristics, as it is believed that the pronunciation of a name with good connotations will bring about the actualization of its symbolic characteristics.